Creating a Node.js Twitter bot to Analyze Market Sentiment

SideKick Finance
3 min readMay 9, 2023

Let's learn how to create a Node.js-based Twitter bot that analyzes market sentiment by streaming tweets and applying filters!

Introduction

Twitter has been a popular platform for sharing opinions, news, and ideas. It can also be a source of valuable data for performing sentiment analysis, especially when it comes to understanding the market sentiment for various cryptocurrencies and financial instruments.

In this tutorial, we will walk you through the process of creating a Node.js-based Twitter Bot that streams tweets and filters them based on a list of hashtags and currency symbols (e.g., #defi or $BTC). The bot will analyze the sentiment of the tweets using a sentiment analysis API.

Prerequisites

- A Twitter Developer account with access to Twitter API keys
- Node.js (>=14.x) installed

Step-by-step Guide

Step 1: Setting up your project

  1. Create a new directory for your bot:
mkdir twitter-market-sentiment-bot
cd twitter-market-sentiment-bot

2. Initialize a new Node.js project:

npm init - yes

3. Install the necessary npm packages:

npm install axios

Step 2: Twitter Developer setup

1. Go to the Twitter Developer Dashboard: https://developer.twitter.com/en/apps
2. Click on “Create an app” and fill out the required information
3. After creating the app, go to the “Keys and Tokens” tab
4. Save your API Key and Secret Key

Step 3: Setting up Twitter API

  1. In your project directory, create a file named `twitter-api.js`
    2. Place the following code into the file:
const axios = require('axios');

const api_key = 'YOUR_API_KEY';
const api_secret_key = 'YOUR_SECRET_KEY';
async function getBearerToken() {
const headers = {
'Authorization': `Basic ${Buffer.from(`${api_key}:${api_secret_key}`).toString('base64')}`,
'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded;charset=UTF-8',
};
const response = await axios.post('https://api.twitter.com/oauth2/token', 'grant_type=client_credentials', { headers });

return response.data.access_token;
}
module.exports = {
getBearerToken,
};

_Remember to replace the placeholders with your personal API keys from the Developer Dashboard._

Step 4: Implementing Market Sentiment Analysis

  1. In the project directory, create a file named `market-sentiment.js`
    2. Place the following code into the file:
const axios = require('axios');
async function analyzeSentiment(text) {
try {
// Replace the below URL with a sentiment analysis API of your choice
const sentimentApiUrl = 'https://sentim-api.sample.com/api/v2.0/';
const response = await axios.post(sentimentApiUrl, { text });
return response.data;
} catch (error) {
console.error(`Error analyzing sentiment: ${error}`);
}
}
module.exports = analyzeSentiment;

_Note: This code assumes you are using a third-party sentiment analysis API. Replace `sentimentApiUrl` with the appropriate URL for the API you are using._

Step 5: Streaming Tweets and Analyzing Sentiment

  1. In the project directory, create a file named `index.js`
    2. Place the following code into the file:
const { getBearerToken } = require('./twitter-api');
const analyzeSentiment = require('./market-sentiment');
const axios = require('axios');
const filters = [
'#defi',
'$BTC',
// Add more filters here
];
async function processStream(stream) {
for await (const chunk of stream) {
try {
const text = JSON.parse(chunk.toString()).data.text;
const sentiment = await analyzeSentiment(text);
console.log(`Text: ${text}\nSentiment: ${sentiment}\n\n`);
} catch (error) {
console.error(`Error processing stream data: ${error}`);
}
}
}
(async () => {
const token = await getBearerToken();
const url = 'https://api.twitter.com/2/tweets/search/stream';
const headers = { 'Authorization': `Bearer ${token}` };
// Use filtered-stream API
const rules = filters.map(filter => ({ "value": filter }));
await axios.post(`${url}/rules`, { "add": rules }, { headers });
// Start processing
const stream = await axios({ url, headers, responseType: 'stream' });
processStream(stream.data); })();

Step 6: Run your bot

  1. Start the bot (run this command in your bash terminal):
node index.js

Conclusion

In this tutorial, we’ve demonstrated how to create a Node.js-based Twitter bot that streams tweets and filters them based on specific hashtags and currency symbols. The bot can analyze the sentiment of these tweets using a sentiment analysis API, giving you valuable insights into market sentiment for various cryptocurrencies and financial instruments. You can further customize the bot to suit your specific needs or integrate it with other applications to harness the power of Twitter data.

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